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Bayesian models of thermal and pluviometric time series in the Fucino plateau

Adriana Trabucco, Federico M. Stefanini

Authors information
  • Adriana Trabucco
    Regione Abruzzo - Agenzia Regionale per i Servizi di Sviluppo Agricolo, Italy.
  • Federico M. Stefanini
    Department of Statistics "G.Parenti", University of Florence, Italy, Italy. stefanini@ds.unifi.it

Abstract


This work was developed within the Project Metodologie e sistemi integrati per la qualificazione di produzioni orticole del Fucino (Methodologies and integrated systems for the classification of horticultural products in the Fucino plateau), sponsored by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, Strategic Projects, Law 448/97. Agro-system managing, especially if necessary to achieve high quality in speciality crops, requires knowledge of main features and intrinsic variability of climate. Statistical models may properly summarize the structure existing behind the observed variability, furthermore they may support the agronomic manager by providing the probability that meteorological events happen in a time window of interest. More than 30 years of daily values collected in four sites located on the Fucino plateau, Abruzzo region, Italy, were studied by fitting Bayesian generalized linear models to air temperature maximum /minimum and rainfall time series. Bayesian predictive distributions of climate variables supporting decision-making processes were calculated at different timescales, 5-days for temperatures and 10-days for rainfall, both to reduce computational efforts and to simplify statistical model assumptions. Technicians and field operators, even with limited statistical training, may exploit the model output by inspecting graphs and climatic profiles of the cultivated areas during decision-making processes. Realizations taken from predictive distributions may also be used as input for agro-ecological models (e.g. models of crop growth, water balance). Fitted models may be exploited to monitor climatic changes and to revise climatic profiles of interest areas, periodically updating the probability distributions of target climatic variables. For the sake of brevity, the description of results is limited to just one of the four sites, and results for all other sites are available as supplementary information.

Keywords


agroclimatology, Bayesian models, Fucino plateau

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Submitted: 2011-01-20 13:05:12
Published: 2011-09-30 10:10:58
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The Italian Journal of Agronomy [eISSN 2039-6805] is the official journal of the Italian Society for Agronomy and it is published online by PAGEPress®, Pavia, Italy. All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS. Cover image by psdgraphics.com.